KUALA LUMPUR, March 30 (Bernama) — Popular radio DJ and television personality Mior Ahmad Fuad, better known as Din Beramboi, is in critical condition at Selayang Hospital, suffering from what is believed to be an infection caused by rat urine, a hospital spokesman said today.
Din Beramboi, 43, was admitted to the hospital at 3.25pm yesterday.
“Doctors confirmed that he is now in critical condition and in intensive care,” the spokesman said.
He said the cause of the infection was being investigated. A disease transmitted by the urine of an infected animal is Leptospirosis.
Din Beramboi is also popular as a cartoonist and actor. He was on the jury of a recently concluded reality show “Raja Lawak” aired on Astro Ria.
— From Bernama.
May Allah Be With Him. Amin!
LEPTOSPIROSIS is also known as Weil’s Disease. It is a bacterial zoonotic disease caused by spirochaetes of the genus Leptospira that affects humans and a wide range of animals, including mammals, birds, amphibians and reptiles. Though being recognised among the world’s most common zoonoses, leptospirosis is a relatively rare bacterial infection in humans. The infection is commonly transmitted to humans by allowing water that has been contaminated by animal urine to come in contact with unhealed breaks in the skin, eyes, or with the mucous membranes. Outside of tropical areas, leptospirosis cases have a relatively distinct seasonality with most of them occurring Aug-Sept & Feb-March.
Leptospirosis is transmitted by the urine of an infected animal and is contagious as long as it is still moist. Although rats, mice and voles are important primary hosts, a wide range of other mammals including dogs, deer, rabbits, hedgehogs, cows, sheep, raccoons, possums, skunks, and certain marine mammals are able to carry and transmit the disease as secondary hosts. Dogs may lick the urine of an infected animal off the grass or soil, or drink from an infected puddle. There have been reports of “house dogs” contracting leptospirosis apparently from licking the urine of infected mice that entered the house. The type of habitats most likely to carry infective bacteria are muddy riverbanks, ditches, gullies, and muddy livestock rearing areas where there is regular passage of either wild or farm mammals. There is a direct correlation between the amount of rainfall and the incidence of leptospirosis, making it seasonal in temperate climates and year-round in tropical climates.
Leptospirosis is also transmitted by the semen of infected animals. Humans become infected through contact with water, food, or soil containing urine from these infected animals. This may happen by swallowing contaminated food or water, or through skin contact. The disease is not known to be spread from person to person and cases of bacterial dissemination in convalescence are extremely rare in humans. Leptospirosis is common among water-sport enthusiasts in specific areas as prolonged immersion in water is known to promote the entry of the bacteria. Surfers are at especially high risk in areas that have been shown to contain the bacteria, and can contract the disease by swallowing contaminated water, splashing contaminated water into their eyes or nose, or exposing open wounds to infected water.
- Begins with flu-like symptoms — fever, chills, myalgias, intense headache
- Meningitis, liver damage which can cause jaundice, renal failure, high fever, vomitting, diarrhea and rash — appear after 4-14 day incubation period
- Edema, disseminated intravascular coagulation(DIC), myocarditis, pericarditis also possible sequelae.
- Failure to eat, reduced urine output, unusually dark or brown urine and LETHARGY
- Extreme fatigue
- Hearing loss
- Respiratory distress
- Renal interstitial tubular necrosis
- Cardiovascular problems
Prevention & Treatment:
Doxycycline may be used to prevent infection. Leptospirosis is a relatively complicated process comprising two main components: — suppressing the causative agent and fighting possible complications.
Aetiotropic drugs are antibiotics such as cefotaxime, doxycycline, penicillin, ampicillin and amoxicillin. There are no human vaccines; animal vaccines are only for a few strains, and are only effective for a few months.